This book and website present a concise introduction to generally accepted research principles and methods. Researchers in different areas will meet different requirements:
- Personal and K-12 learning
(informal/semi-formal compared to formal)
When conducting informal research, or for young students, one may opt to use a “light” version of established formal research protocols.
- Undergraduate and graduate programs
(diploma, baccalaureate, masters and doctoral programs)
The purpose here is to learn how to conduct formal research. Each institution has its own procedural requirements for research projects, but all base them on common scientific principles.
- Science domains
(social science compared to natural/pure science)
Each field or discipline has its own procedural requirements for research projects, that address the type of knowledge and traditions of that field.
- Economic/business sectors
(education, health, military, media, manufacturing, marketing, non-profit, etc.)
Each sector has its own procedural traditions and requirements for research projects. Requirements may vary between organizations with in a sector.